November 27, 2008

What is man? And, what is his status in relation to Being?

12 Integralism and Modern Philosophical Anthropology
J. N. MOHANTY

THE purpose of this discussion will be to help an assessment of the concept of man in Sri Aurobindo's philosophy in the light of what is getting known, on the European continent, as 'philosophical anthropology'. Our procedure will be to start with laying down the main lines of research brought together under the title 'Philosophical Anthropology' and then to follow it up with a statement of Sri Aurobindo's concept of man, assessing its value and relevance for the contemporary discussion of this theme. 1
I
The term 'Philosophical Anthropology' was introduced in our time, and the task of the discipline outlined, by Max Scheler in his Die Stellung des Menschen im Kosmos (1928). But Scheler had already formulated the main ideas in an essay 'Zur Ideedes Menschen' as early as 1914. The central problem with which Scheler's philosophy is concerned is: What is man? And, what is his status in relation to Being? This problem is handled by Scheler in many of its aspects. The specific nature of human feelings is discussed in Wesen und Formen der Sympathie: the relation of man to history is discussed in the essay 'Menschund Geschichte'; the possibility of human development is...

1 Compare, for this entire theme, the author's Modern Philosophical Anthropology and the Concept of Man in Sri Aurobindo's Philosophy ( Bombay: Sri Aurobindo Circle Annual, 1956).
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Questia Media America, Inc.
www.questia.com Publication Information: Book Title: The Integral Philosophy of Sri Aurobindo: A Commemorative Symposium. Contributors: Haridas Chaudhuri - editor, Frederic Spiegelberg - editor. Publisher: George Allen & Unwin. Place of Publication: London. Publication Year: 1960. Page Number: 155.

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