March 28, 2019

Sri Aurobindo considered the conquest of death to be essential

What is now known as Hinduism was the multiculturalism before the capital M Multiculti of today. What held it together were certain Dharmic values of mutual respect. Caste etc was not permanent; it came later and it will go now as feudal agriculture is no longer basis of economy.

Just in:  How to serve, support and help everyone around you selflessly?: Nikhil Chandwani When it comes to serving, supporting and helping people selflessly, we really need to understand what our ‘self’ is in the first place. The word ‘I’ is used by us…

"This brutal, fatal, sudden removal of people in whom you are deeply invested is something that she writes about over and over again."
Eminent biographer Hermione Lee considers the best works of Virginia Woolf, who died #OTD in 1941

[Despite inconsistency in statements, it is undeniable that Sri Aurobindo did consider the conquest of death to be essential–as shown by Savitri and his plays and poetry. The conquest of death is clearly central to his vision of the divine life on earth.]

Sri Aurobindo: His Early Life and Entry to Indian Independence Struggle - India's Stories From Indian Perspectives

Sri Aurobindo’s "final dream was a step in evolution which would raise man to a higher and larger consciousness and begin the solution of the problems"
Such a vision obviously is beyond any particular party or country and can sprout in any corner of world.

Go through this informative piece on the remarkable incidents of Sri Aurobindo's life which led to his entry in the independence struggle of India. #HistoryAwareness
Sri Aurobindo spent about 9 years in Baroda. His house become Ashram. Powerful presence. Pics by sanjeev nayyar @GujaratTourism @integralyog @SACACIndia @sriaurobindo27a @sriaurobindoMaa

Plain & Simple: Impossible to overestimate the importance of Sri Aurobindo

Many RW handles like @sanjeevsanyal @followsanjeev @dharmadispatch apart from @esamskritiindia @IndiaFactsOrg @Pragyata_ @prekshaajournal etc. deal with religion but Savitri Era Learning Forum (SELF) has been disseminating an Integral view on Sri Aurobindo since 2005. @NathTusar

Tusar Nath Mohapatra: My original contributions to understanding Sri Aurobindo #SriAurobindo #WorldUnion #Odisha #SavitriEra @NathTusar

Marketime: Physics is the key for prosperity by Tusar Nath Mohapatra @NathTusar, Shipra Riviera, Indirapuram, Ghaziabad - 201014 [Your Google+ account is going away on 2 April 2019. Downloading content may take time, so get started]

Basically, apple is running away from their core business. It's over. Complete Chinese domination coming soon. India should give red carpet welcome to Chinese manufacturers to set up factories in India and create layers of suppliers to feed final production and assembly line.

Here is a comprehensive list of articles so far: Sorry. Don't mean to impose:

Savitri Era Open Forum: Sheer brilliance & ingenuity of Sri Aurobindo's writings @NathTusar

Savitri Era Learning Forum: Socrates, Diogenes, Newton, and Voltaire Henri Bortoft, Iain McGilchrist, and Rosenstock-Huessy @NathTusar Tusar Nath Mohapatra #ShipraRiviera #Indirapuram #Ghaziabad #SriAurobindo #WorldUnion #FiveDreams

Savitri Era: No need for any temple, ritual, or learning Sanskrit
Authentic worldview and appropriate guidance: @NathTusar Tusar Nath Mohapatra (b. January 22, 1956) #TheMother #SriAurobindo #WorldUnion
No means to produce evidence

Savitri Era: Islam as an entity or agency is anomalous @NathTusar #SriAurobindo #WorldUnion #FiveDreams

I haven't done this yet, but you might find it interesting to compare Rosenstock-Huessy's "Twelve Tones of the Spirit" to those of The Mother. Rosenstock-Huessy's essay appears as Chapter VI in his book *I Am An Impure Thinker*, available online at

Savitri Era Learning Forum (SELF): Henri Bortoft, Iain McGilchrist, and Rosenstock-Huessy @NathTusar #SriAurobindo #WorldUnion #FiveDreams
Twelve Qualities of The Mother in relation to Sadhana on the Individual and Collective level

[In The Human Cycle Aurobindo writes about “the Sovereign” and “his Minister” in ways quite parallel to Iain McGilchrist’s “The Master and His Emissary” which reflects the tendency in contemporary psychology to distinguish between the “Self” and the “Ego”]

Gang Neher near Muradnagar (UP) hosts many festivals round the year but why no one from the Hindutva camp cares for a facelift of the area is a mystery. High sounding lectures on Dharma are futile if basic facilities are not provided on ground. No one's aesthetic sense is pricked

Aurora Mirabilis: Sri Aurobindo's theo-political reconfiguration of Hinduism
[The Making of an Avatar: Reading Sri Aurobindo Ghose (1872–1950): 6 Sep 2018 - Alex Wolfers] #MirraAlfassa #SriAurobindo #IntegralYoga #WorldUnion #SavitriEraDay @NathTusar

The question is why this pathetic need to wallow in the mud of Twitter after having such lofty experiences; the function of a rational posture (self-interest and self-protection) seems to be a reflex action and never vanishes. Further ordinary prudence is vital in initial stages.

Beautiful. People often mistake ritual fidelity to be a sign of being fixated, not progressive enough. Whilst the true function of fidelity to ritual is to carve grooves within consciousness, pathways of lucid act and thought, layered by faith and inner receptivity..
And in that locus of many attitudes and poises within, come the magic hour, a portal opens..our personal door to vistas higher..the palpable contact, the visitation of Ishwara occurs..then we understand the purpose of fidelity to the ritual, though it numbs the thinking mind..

Most of the junk philosophy in AI is just an extension of Christian theology. blog I wrote on occasion of #InternationalWomensDay2019 @ndtv @AartiTikoo @indiandiplomats @Aakash_Ironmann

Freedom, Not Compulsion, Is the Basis of True Spiritual Growth

And our bestselling book on @five_books this week was, according to Voltaire expert Nicholas Cronk, “one of the most explosive and controversial works of the European Enlightenment and one of the funniest”: @OWC_Oxford

"What I most disliked about Harvard was that smug assumptions were too often treated as substitutes for evidence or logic. The idea seemed to be that if we bright and good fellows all believed something, it must be true."

This is a common mistake among all levels of intelligence. It only requires ego. “My logic is flawless, therefore I could not be wrong ie. fact. No need to bore my listener with useless detail about its origin, I’ll just start referring to it as written law for convenience sake.”

A brief sketch of Rousseauism
A brief sketch of Rousseauism, whose organizing idea is probably as old as the historical imagination. It is the idealizing mix of nostalgia and primitivism that envisions life to have begun in some garden of Eden, an orchard of the Hesperides, a Golden Age, or a state of nature that was all peace and prosperity until some moral cataclysm hurled humankind into recorded history.2
Though philosophers, pagan and Christian, flirted with this mirage (there are traces of it in Plato, for example in The Statesman), it belonged mostly with myth and religion, it being understood that philosophy, as per Socrates, was in the business of demonstrating its claims and, as per Aristotle, of matching them with observation. Moreover, modern philosophy championed the humanist idea that human beings can and must reason their way to a better life. To lump all happiness and perfection in some fabled past when man had not yet learned to reason amounted to betraying philosophy’s confident premise.
This betrayal is, one can fairly state, the doing of Jean-Jacques Rousseau. Rousseau used the language of philosophy to dignify the pessimistic myth of antediluvian human perfection. “Man is born free and everywhere he is in chains:”3 this is not a thesis which he strove to explain, argue, illustrate, and prove; it is a first principle—to mean, not what logically comes first, as in ancient or medieval philosophy, but what Rousseau intuitively believed to be the starting point of the matter, his heartfelt conviction, the idée fixe from which every fact follows and to which every conclusion returns. This emotional, intuitive apriorism bred fateful habits of the pen in Rousseau, who had no
equal in asserting truths for which his readers learned to expect no verification.
“Nothing is so gentle as man in his primitive state;”4 “Society and laws… irretrievably destroyed natural liberty:”5 these are ideas which, first emitted as hypotheses, have a knack of transforming into truths universally acknowledged within the course of a few sentences. Rousseau is so confident in the world-making power of philosophizing that he avows it openly. It is, he says, “within the province of philosophy…to establish facts” and “these things [i.e., the origin of society, the felicity of savage man, the progress of inequality, etc.] can be deduced from the nature of man by the light of reason alone.”6
In other words, we know that primitive man was happy, hale, and free ... From Journal of Comparative Literature and Aesthetics: JCLA Spring 2019 (42.1)
Being virtuous
Rousseau strongly believed that human being is naturally good. It implies that kind passions should be much more influential than negative passions, at least in the natural state (Rousseau 1971a, 249). That’s why the civil (social) state has to be strictly linked to the natural state: education could help us to develop kind passions and better control negative passions. However, Rousseau acknowledged that society we are living in is perverting us (Rousseau 1966a, 308). Historical records are usually focusing on social and political evils rather than the basic goodness of humankind (Rousseau 1966a, 308). Realizing good deeds is the way to become a good person (Rousseau, 1966a 325). Practicing virtue is much more important than knowing what it’s all about.
Practicing truth, temperance, and courage makes us virtuous persons (Rousseau 1971, 120). Being virtuous requires to be prudent at any time. Physical courage could always be enlightened by the basic virtue of prudence. Moral courage also implies to remain morally prudent. Moral courage is linked to one’s moral convictions: being morally courageous is being able to safeguard our moral convictions, when facing ethical conflicts and dilemmas. Being morally prudent requires not to embrace a given moral paradigm without unveiling its advantages, challenges, and weaknesses. Ethical leaders who have moral courage (when facing ethical dilemma and conflicts) could reach a more fulfilling psychological development level. They could serve as moral role models. They could even reduce organizational deviance and strengthen organizational ethics and culture (Goket al. 2017, 271).

Space-time concept has been mathematically, theoretically & experimentally proved as baseless in the published paper "Experimental & Theoretical Evidences of Fallacy of Space-time Concept and Actual State of Existence of the Physical Universe" which is available at the journal site at
Visit this group at
To view this discussion on the web visit

That there is a physical Brownian motion underlying the biological context does not imply that  a dualistic ontology is the natural one underlying this, but very much on the contrary, a supradual ontology, actually an ontoepistemology, a logophysics associated to it is the case. For the curious ones, including the dualistic abiders, you may see the work in append or in www.researchgate. Sincerely
Diego Lucio Rapoport

It could be that mind is something beyond brain. And that something could have come with big bang.  The big bang can "easily" have surprises. 
The very, very nifty thing is that some nice progress is finally happening in our understandings of brains. But the new technologies are still in their infancy. So sadly we need to be somewhat patient. But new ideas regarding quantum mechanics is always welcome. Stan

March 23, 2019

Socrates, Diogenes, Newton, and Voltaire

Book recommendations collated from Twitter:

"Zen and the Art of Motorcycle Maintenance: An Inquiry Into Values" by Robert M. Pirsig
"Tao Te Ching" by Lao Tzu
"Siddhartha" by Hermann Hesse
“The Blank Slate: The Modern Denial of Human Nature” By Steven Pinker
“Cleopatra: A Life.” By Stacy Schiff
“Cloud Atlas: A Novel.” By David Mitchell
“The Daily Stoic: 366 Meditations On Wisdom, Perseverance, And The Art Of Living.” By Ryan Holiday and Stephen Hanselman
“Foundation.” By Isaac Asimov (and all of its follow on books)
“Genius: The Life and Science of Richard Feynman.” By James Gleick
“Ghostwritten.” By David Mitchell
“The Lessons of History.” By Will and Ariel Durant
“Letters of Note.” By Shaun Usher
“Money: A Suicide Note.” By Martin Amis
“The Razor’s Edge.” By W. Somerset Maugham
“The Road.” By Cormac McCarthy
“Rules for Old Men Waiting: A Novel.” By Peter Pouncey
“The Screwtape Letters.” By C.S. Lewis
"Twins: And What The Tell Us About Who We Are.” By Lawrence Wright
“What do You Care What Other People Think?” By Richard P. Feynman
“When Breath Becomes Air.” By Paul Kalanithi
“Wolf Hall: A Novel.” By Hilary Mantel
"Zorba the Greek." by Nikos Kazantzakis
"Surely You're Joking, Mr. Feynman!" by Richard P. Feynman and Ralph Leighton

Hpmor by @ESYudkowsky
Zen and the art of motorcycle maintenance by Robert Pirsig
The entire incerto series by @nntaleb
Moonwalking with Einstein by @joshuafoer
The flinch by Julien Smith

12 Rules for Life - Jordan Peterson

The Righteous Mind, Jonathan Haidt, and 6 Pillars of Self Esteem, Nathaniel Branden

The Road Less Travelled - Morgan Scott Peck; The Longevity Project -  H. S Friedman & L.R Martin; The Power of your Subconscious mind -  Joseph Murphy; 12 Rules for Life - Jordan Peterson.

Super System - Doyle Brunson

Lord of the Rings Trilogy
Farewell To Arms
The Prophet

The Greatest Salesman in the World - Og Mandino

The Wisdom of Insecurity by Alan Watts

Innovator's Dilemma
Thinking, Fast and Slow
Fooled By Randomness
Black Swan

Diggin the zen vibe, Siddhartha was a nice quick one. If you like those, Zen Miracles by Barbara Shoshana is an excellent book that does well in explaining both the spiritual philosophies, instruction, and reasoning for physical practice. Love your son’s podcast!

The 100-Year-Old Man Who Climbed Out the Window and Disappeared by Jonas Jonasson

The Art of Worldly Wisdom by Baltasar Gracian

“As the crow flies” John Grisham — though it’s fiction it changed the course of my career. I read it in the second year of my engineering course and moved focus to business
“8 habits of highly effective people” Steven Covey — circle of influence /1
“The Dao of Capital” Mark Spitznagel for the introduction to the Austrian school of economics
“Economics in one lesson” Henry Hazlitt for more on Austrian economics
“Most important thing” Howard Marks /2
“Am I being too subtle” Sam Zell
“Thinking in Systems” Donella Meadows
“The Ocean of Churn” Sanjeev Sanyal
“Sapiens” Yuval Noah Hariri
“India After Gandhi” Ram Guha
All books by Bill Bryson and PG Wodehouse
Last but not least “The Holy Bible”

Rich Dad Poor Dad by Robert Kiyosaki

Alchemist- @paulocoelho

The Four Agreements, and The Celestine Prophecy.

“Meditations” Marcus Aurelius

“The Road Less Travelled” by Scott Peck
“The Obstacle Is The Way” by Ryan Holiday

The road less stupid - Keith Cunningham
Frogs into princes - Richard Bandlor
Laws of success - Napoleon hill
The owners manual for the brain
A happy pocket full of money
Principles - Ray Dalio
Blink - Malcom gladwell

Life of Galileo by Bertolt Brecht
Siddhartha by Hermann Hesse
The emperor of all maladies by Siddhartha Mukherjee

Mindset - Carol Dweck

The Richest Man in Babylon

Think and grow rich, Napoleon Hill

Meditations By Marcus Aurelius. The War Of Art by Steven Pressfield. On The Shortness Of Life by Seneca

Atlas shrugged

Rational Male Positive Masculinity & Preventive Medicine by Rollo Tomassi.
 48 Laws of Power & The 50th Law by Robert Greene

Mans search for meaning - victor frankl

Thinking Fast and Thinking Slow by Kahleman

Future shock
Power of now
Who moved my cheese

The Big Short
Life 3.0

Why Nations Fail
Thinking Fast and Slow
Thinking In Systems
The Elephant In The Brain
The Power Of Habit
Sleight Of Mouth

Siddharth by Herman Hesse.

Sapiens by @harari_yuval, that was a masterpiece!

Antifragile by Nassim Nicholas Taleb
The drunkard's walk: how randomness rules our lives by Mlodinow

Seeking wisdom from Darwin to Munger

Man's Search for Meaning Viktor Frankl

Meditations by Marcus Aurelius
Man’s search for meaning by Victor Frankl
The Bhagwad Gita
Market Wizards by Jack Schwager
Spark by John Ratey

'How to win friends and influence people' - Dale Carnegie
'Magic of thinking big' ,
 'Purple Hibiscus' - Chimamanda Adichie,
'Joys of motherhood' - Buchi Emecheta
'Rich dad poor dad' - Robert Kiyosaki

tao te ching, walden, art of war

Lateral Thinking by Edward De Bono

Think and grow rich
Man’s search for meaning
The 48 laws of power
The secret teachings of all ages
Autobiography of a Yogi

Gifted hands-Ben Carson, the richest man in Babylon, the secret- Rhonda Byrne, Rich Dad poor Dad- Robert kiyosaki, Why we want you to be Rich: two men one book-Robert kiyosaki & Donald Trump, the Holy Bible, the miracle meal- David Oyedepo

The alchemist. Rich dad, poor dad. 12 rules for life by @jordanbpeterson

The Book of Ecclesiastes: vanity of vanities, all is vanity. For a book in the Bible, it’s surprisingly almost nihilistic at times. I like to go there at times to “stay grounded” and to not take things so seriously all the time.

Subtle art of not giving a fuck, I'm on seventh chapter right now but it definitely changed how I think about the world thanks  @IAmMarkManson

“The Gifts of Imperfection: Let Go of Who You Think You're Supposed to Be and Embrace Who You Are” by Brené Brown

Wright Brothers by David McCullough.

Gates Of Fire by Steven Pressfield

Atlas Shrugged by Ayn Rand

Thus Spoke Zarathustra... The Old Man And The Sea....

Radical Acceptance by Tara Brach, Daring Greatly by Brene Brown, & Wired for Love by Stan Tatkin

Also Utopia by Thomas More.

The Inner Game of Tennis
 - by Tim Gallwey @the_innergame
Hint: the Inner Game of Tennis is not really about tennis.

“Sapiens” and “Homo Deus” by Yuval Noah Harari .... “The Smartest Guys in the Room” by Bethany McClean and Peter Elkind... “The Hobbit” by J.R.R. Tolkien .... “Inside Delta Force” by Eric L. Haney

The art of war by sun tzu
The Way of the Peaceful Warrior by Dan Millman

David Deida's The Way of the Superior Man.

Commentaries on Living - J Kirshnamurti

The Millionaire Next Door.  Read it in college and has dictated my financial philosophy since

We Are The Builders Of Our Fortunes by Ralph Waldo Emerson ...

“Antifragile” by Nassim Taleb

The GoGiver - Burg and Mann
Mastery - Robert Greene
48 laws of power - Robert Greene

The Power of Habit, Rich Dad Poor Dad and more here:

The Complete Works of Swami Vivekananda.  Universal Message of Bhagavad Gita by Swami Ranganathanandaji
Swami Ranganathananda "Science and Religion"
The secret life of plants by Christopher Bird & Peter Tompkins
Dancing Wu Li Masters by Gary Zukav
Atmabodha by Swami Nikhilananda
Tattvabodha by Swami Sunirmalananda
Erwin Schrodinger "What is life"
The Tao of Physics Dr Fritjof Capra
Sir Arthur Eddington "Space, time, Gravitation" and The philosophy of physical science
The living brain by William Grey Walter

"The Untethered Soul: The Journey Beyond Yourself" - Michael A. Singer
"The Way of the Superior Man" -David Deida

Confessions by Saint Augustine

1. Pushing to the Front (Orison Swett Marden). Currently reading.  Amazing.
2. Discipline Equals Freedom (Jocko Willink)
3. Siddhartha (Herman Hesse)
4. Count of Monte Cristo (Alexandre Dumas)
5. As A Man Thinketh (James Allen)
6. The Alchemist (Paulo Coelho)

About Face: The Odyssey of an American Warrior by Col. David H. Hackworth. Thank you to @jockowillink

‘Die Unendliche Geschichte’, ‘The Black Swan’, ‘The Bible’(especially The Book of Job, The Sermon on the Mount and 1 Corinthians 13), ‘The Name of God is Mercy’, ‘Le Petit Prince’, ‘Spark Joy’, The Prophet’ and ‘Rebirth’.

To those who seek Truth, I reccomend; From Poverty to Power by James Allen 1907

The 21 Irrefutable Laws of Leadership
The 7 Habits of Highly Effective People
How to Win Friends and Influence People

‘What Do You Care What Other People Think’ -Richard Feynman

Tribe of Mentors, The Crossroads of Should and Must, Born to Run, Man’s Search for Meaning..... and many more

The White tiger by Aravind Ediga....

The inner game of tennis

The art of the interview Lawrence Grobel

"Rapt" - Winnifred Gallagher

All of you Malcolm Gladwells books too.

The power of subconscious mind - James Murphy the first one i read in my life...

“Why We Sleep” by @sleepdiplomat Matt Walkar

“Dip Into Oneness ”had a profound impact.

The Prince, by Macchiavelli
Anti-Machiavel, by Frederick the Great

Here's a couple short/powerful reads:
The Gentle Seduction by Marc Stiegler
The Bed of Proscutes by Nassim Taleb
Annihilation by Jeff VanderMeer

Boy's Life by Robert R McCammon, the last 5 pages make me cry every time. Blood Meridian by Cormac McCarthy kicks my head in with truth every time. Pet Sematary by Stephen King remains the only book that actually scared me to lights on sleeplessness.

Inadequate Equilibria by Eliezer Yudkowsky

The Last Lion (trilogy of Sir W Churchill)

Bastiat - The Law (essay)

The One Thing
Gary Keller, Greg Papasan

‘The Bed of Procrustes’ by Nassim Taleb

~Handbook to (higher?) consciousness.
~The fortune teller (aka=why me?)
~Hsps in love
~Driven to distraction
~screamfree marriage/parenting
~Light Emerging
~the honeymoon effect
~raw food for real people
~vegan for life ~evie's kitchen
~indigo children

Kant’s “Critique of Pure Reason”
Nietzsche’s “Beyond Good and Evil”
Plato’s “Republic”
Aristotle’s “Nicomachean Ethics”
Leo Strauss’ “The City and Man”
C. S. Pierce’s essay “On a New List of Categories”

'On The Genealogy of Morality' by Friedrich Nietzsche.

Jesus, Moses, Paul, and John.

David Bohm (his book "On Dialogue"), Erwin Schrodinger, Paul Dirac, Neils Bohr, Albert Einstein, and Nikola Tesla.

The monk who sold his Ferrari by Robin Sharma this book taught me to enjoy journey

How to Win Friends and Influence People by Dale Carnegie and How to Stop Worrying and Start Living by Dale Carnegie

Bhagavad Gita for Modern Times by Swami Sadashiva Tirtha
Rich Dad Poor Dad by Robert Kiyosaki
Outliers by Malcolm Gladwell

"The Purpose-Driven Life" - Rick Warren.

The Final Fight by @Shane_Hunter_X and Persuasion Secrets of the World's Most Charismatic & Influential Villains by @BenSettle

Book#1 - Shane
Book#2 - Ben

"Finding your own way: The discipline of transcendance"
"Fear: Understanding and accepting the insecurities of life"
 by #OSHO

Inner engineering @SadhguruJV

The Reason I Jump: The Inner Voice of a Thirteen-Year-Old Boy with Autism Paperback – March 22, 2016

To be acquired
1. Elements of Discrete Mathematics, C.L. Liu
2. Discrete Mathematical Structures with Applications to Computer Science,
Jean-Paul Tremblay and Ram P. Manohar
3.. An Introduction to Data Structures...

Some books listed already are excellent but one that was gifted by a friend is an old book first issued in the 1940's, 'I Dare You!' by William Danforth. The language 'dates' it but the messages on self improvement are timeless. Here is a free .pdf

Progress and Poverty by Henry George. The greatest American thinker nobody has ever heard of. Reverting to classical economic thought and applying his Land Value Tax theory, i was able to see the cat. Once you see the cat you always can see the car

Pollyanna and The Little Prince..they are simple books but both remind me of simple things in life to be happy about that most people forgot to do or think in this huge and complicated world..

If you really want to understand the philosophical underpinnings of the anti-liberal camp in its full glory, you ought to read the book by James Buchanan:  Liberty, Markets & the State.  It takes a bleak & reductionist view of humanity but believes in free enterprise & markets.

Top Startup Books

1. Venture Deals - @bfeld
2. The Hard Thing About Hard Things - @bhorowitz
3. Zero to One - @peterthiel
4. Startup Communities - @bfeld
5. The Lean Startup - @ericries
6. High Growth Handbook - @eladgil
7. Founders at Work - @jesslivingston

Any suggestions?

Principes - @RayDalio
Start with Why - @simonsinek
Drive - @DanielPink
Tools of Titans - @tferriss
The Daily Stoic - @RyanHoliday
Antifragile - @nntaleb
The Power of Habit - @cduhigg

The Messy Middle by @scottbelsky
Blitzscaling by @reidhoffman and @chrisyeh

Scaling Up and The Power of the Other
1. 4 Steps to the Epiphany
2. Business Model Canvas

“It’s tough to understand that an algorithm is just a recipe, and even tougher to come up with new recipes yourself”
Want to finally learn how to code? Check out the best books on computer science and programming, recommended by @MIT's @anabellphd:

“The reception of Newton in continental Europe is largely on account of Voltaire’s book.”
Nicholas Cronk on the best books to read for an understanding of Voltaire:

“Some treat him as a martyr; some treat him as a philosophical enigma, some as a hero”: MM McCabe (@kingsphilosophy) recommends the best books for understanding Socrates

"Both narrative and conflict are the products of civilisations. Once you start building cities, having private property, creating hierarchies, etc, then the inescapable fact is that conflict will occur."
@chiggi on the Greats of Classical Literature.

Do you think that entire field of linguistics exists to prove that someone moved into India and that's the sole reason that they study languages? You think their is no link between any languages?
But what do you think is reason west overtook us in science, social egalitarianism and economic prosperity?
But Newton didnt experience all this and we did why west saved itself from onslaught of islamic invaders and we didnt?
Their is something good and resilinent in values that made west resisit Islamic onslaught and made it most prosperous civilization right now, we have our strength too not too bad to learn good from others who have succeded.
And on brits and US, their is papers upon papers and a general consensus among economists that much of their wealth is not built upon slavery or colonialism but after free market economic system emanating from Austrian School of Economics.
Brits are not only Europeans, Irish were themselves a british colony, richest country in europe right now same goes for much of Scandinavia, I dont understand this myopia of certain sections of right to refuse to find anything good in anyone except Indians, baffling.

@swaraj_india You may be interested in this list: You were discussing nationalism the other day...

@orsoraggiante @swaraj_india Okay. Sri Aurobindo and Karl Marx by DP Chattopadhyaya is an excellent & encyclopaedic treatise in that genre.

Savitri Era Learning Forum (SELF): Henri Bortoft, Iain McGilchrist, and Rosenstock-Huessy @NathTusar #SriAurobindo #WorldUnion #FiveDreams 
Twelve Qualities of The Mother in relation to Sadhana on the Individual and Collective level

Life is more than a calculus of pain and pleasure

Assorted tweets for general information:

Do whatever you like to education but never forget the contributions of pioneers like Ram Mohan Roy, Keshub Chunder Sen, Iswar Chandra Vidyasagar, and Bankim Chandra Chatterjee for whom India is what it is today. The Evolutionary arrow should guide policy and not blind idiocy.

Sri Aurobindo's Bengali writings (Dharma: 1909-10) contain many of his ideas in concise form that were expanded or commented upon later (Arya: 1914-21). This volume is a must read as consummation of intellectual ferment of the past one hundred years.

The Spirit of Indian Nationalism Bipin Chandra Pal - 1910
Memories of My Life and Times - Volume 1
Bipin Chandra Pal - 1932
Soul of India Bipin Chandra Pal - 2012
The Soul of India is a comparison of Indian and western thought,...

[After the untimely demise of C.R. Das, Anilbaran became the undisputed leader of Congress in Bengal. Sri Aurobindo wrote to him asking him to leave politics and pursue the path of yoga at Puducherry. Anilbaran was not willing Sri Aurobindo flatly refused]

[The speeches Pal and Aurobindo gave in Uttarpara after their release from Buxar jail and Alipore jail in 1909 were certainly different in tenor from Surendranath Banerjea's Uttarpara speech on Mazzini in 1876] - Sugata Bose - 2017 - The Nation as Mother

“Books don’t have to be right to be great. Greatness is often the result of very creative and intelligent mistakes.”
Felipe Fernández-Armesto on global history:

Taking all of human history (if not life itself) -- North, South, East, West -- as our own autobiography, that is integral or "universal history". The meaning of the Atman or the Anthropic Principle could not be otherwise.
this sense of accepting the entire history of the Earth as also being one's own autobiography is not only Nietzsche's "Be true to the Earth!" but the essence of Rumi's poem "When Was I Less by Dying?"
This is what Yeats' ominous poem signifies -- the breakdown of the mandala of being. The Falconer and the Falcon of the poem correspond to Aurobindo's "Sovereign and his Minister", and to McGilchrist's Master and Emissary modes of consciousness respectively.
I haven't done this yet, but you might find it interesting to compare Rosenstock-Huessy's "Twelve Tones of the Spirit" to those of The Mother. Rosenstock-Huessy's essay appears as Chapter VI in his book *I Am An Impure Thinker*, available online at
Revealingly, the antithesis of the "symbolic" is the "diabolic". The former means "to bring together", while the latter means "to toss obstacles in the way". The cognate terms would be "integration" and "segregation" correspondingly, or the integrative and disintegrative forces

Savitri Era Learning Forum (SELF): Henri Bortoft, Iain McGilchrist, and Rosenstock-Huessy @NathTusar #SriAurobindo #WorldUnion #FiveDreams
Twelve Qualities of The Mother in relation to Sadhana on the Individual and Collective level

[The Twelve Qualities of The Mother
The twelve petals of the Mother’s symbol represent the following twelve powers of the Mother manifested for her work
Working with the Twelve Qualities in Organisation–An Article by Jaya - Working for Peace and Human Unity]

[every time I look at Sri Aurobindo’s symbol and remember who He & the Mother really are, not just Yogis or Gurus, Saints or Mystics, but the progenitors of a whole new Divine World, here to initiate and give birth to a perfect creation that shall fulfill]

Chaudhuri's *Evolution of Integral Consciousness* though, was only a primer or introductory to the integral. It was quite short, but very rich, as I recall it. Must read that again I think.

Jeffrey Kripal's "gnostic" scholar comes to mind (from the Serpents Gift) as a new wave of scholar-practitioners entering the field of culture-building and knowledge building. Never easy, of course...

This is why liberalism often ends up coupling to ideas like eugenics & evolutionary psychology, which, in effect, argue that people can’t change, their abilities & desires are innate & unalterable (That this Actually contradicts ordinal utility usually passes right over them)
The Walrasian model tended to focus on selection incentives. The game theory model focuses on direct incentives. The Marshallian & classical models focused on a mix. Psychology focuses on the habituating incentives.
Without institutions, metrics & technologies, no action of any type, let alone social action, is possible, desirable etc. at the end of the day these 3 are the ‘last instance’, so to speak.

[life is more than a calculus of pain and pleasure and something big is at stake. Why is it that most people in life don’t commit suicide when things are difficult? – it is more than a paltry happiness or unhappiness, however important those things are.]

“If it tempts you so much, try it in spite of my prohibition. But take note: I am powerful. And I am only the most lowly gatekeeper. But from room to room stand gatekeepers, each more powerful than the other. I can’t endure even one glimpse of the third.”

[Théon symbol - the Lotus in the Six-Pointed Star
In fact, the Mother designed Sri Aurobindo's symbol directly from Théon's, making only minor changes in the proportions of the central square - Mother's Agenda, vol 3, p.454].

Do you think that entire field of linguistics exists to prove that someone moved into India and that's the sole reason that they study languages? You think their is no link between any languages?
Not really their is a considerable body of research on Sanskrit in west, maybe not it being oldest but I do get your concern what I am saying is linguists shouldn’t be dismissed in their entirety as just being bunch of European supremacist that’s far too reactionary view.

Anyone can see the link. No need for linguists who have made up fake theories for 200 years - fiddling with links to create non existent languages like "proto Indo Iranian" simply to cook up an invasion/migration movement of language from Europe side to India. 
I believe you have not been exposed to the vicious polemic that modern linguists employ against anyone who points out fallacies in their assumptions. You sound like a science guy to me, like I am. You use the language of a science man. Even that is alas, going nowadays
Here is a comprehensive list of articles so far: Sorry. Don't mean to impose:

[As Savitri is essentially an end-stopped pentametric blank verse composition, the obvious choice in defining the elements falls on taking its lines as these ABCs... Ghana Recitation is already a rich orchestra of heard and unheard notes,] by R.Y. Deshpande

Savitri Era: No need for any temple, ritual, or learning Sanskrit
Authentic worldview and appropriate guidance: @NathTusar Tusar Nath Mohapatra (b. January 22, 1956) #TheMother #SriAurobindo #WorldUnion
No means to produce evidence

Plasim Radar

Henri Bortoft, Iain McGilchrist, and Rosenstock-Huessy - Sad news: Obadiah Harris, a giant of alternative spirituality passed yesterday. Harris, mentored by Ernest Holmes, stayed at Sri Aurobindo’s ashram, and r...

The Basis and Principle of Normal Human Society - It will be important to understand the differences between a society founded on the spiritual principle as opposed to what we see in normal human society t...

Silencing the monks - Elections do many things, but one thing they are supposed to do is make a people’s opinion known. One group of important actors within Thailand who cannot ...

- The New Statesman on Arendt the philosopher. In truth, the Heidegger who Arendt eventually let back in her life, like many older men nostalgic for what th...

Life Stretches Itself upon Earth, pp. 157-158 - Life has emerged upon earth; it is born out of matter’s womb so to say. Now it must set about its task of expansion and growth. The post Life Stretches I...

Romila Thapar on the Ram Mandir - Romilla Thapar writes- This is with reference to Arun Anand’s article, “Why the Left Isn’t Right” (IE, March 13). The dispute over Ram Janmabhoomi cannot b...

From pedagogy to cosmology with A. N. Whitehead - A student in my course this semester asked a great question recently: “How is Whitehead’s cosmology related to his pedagogy?” Many commentators find it str...

In The Presence of the Kingdom: The Christian Trinity in Secular Thought - In the last few posts in The Chrysalis, we’ve probed how an impulse arising from the mythic domain gets translated into an historical event, and the phases...

What are the most important books in and on South Asian philosophy? - Just imagine you are asked about the three most important texts in South Asian philosophy and take a minute to imagine your answer. You are also allowed to...

Real scholarship - Real scholarship which requires constant learning it would be better the eject all forms of hidden agenda and preconception. Nothing wrong in any agenda dr...

March 22, 2019

Henri Bortoft, Iain McGilchrist, and Rosenstock-Huessy

Sad news: Obadiah Harris, a giant of alternative spirituality passed yesterday. Harris, mentored by Ernest Holmes, stayed at Sri Aurobindo’s ashram, and revitalized Manly P. Hall’s @upredu @MitchHorowitz  introduces Harris’ classic “The Simple Road.”

Finally I got my hands on Sri Aurobindo Reader by @MakrandParanspe. Thank you @IndicBookClub and @AbhinavAgarwal

One of the greatest blessings of my life has been the contact with one of the greatest epic spiritual poetry - Savitri by Sri Aurobindo. I hope my consciousness evolves for me to be able to integrally understand and experience the numerous fascinating possibilities it holds.

"A table isn’t inherently feminine, but it’s feminine in French, so French people will be more likely, if asked to describe a table, to use feminine-like adjectives."
Robert Lane Greene (@lanegreene) discusses language and its relation to the mind.

Few people seem to forget this phenomenon is not India-specific. Also, there is good reason large parts of populations active support what we think of as populist govts. Wishful thinking alone won’t change this. Anyone hoping for change needs to understand this.

Vote for the strongest non BJP candidate, it could be INC or others depends on state I guess. I don't think there can be anymore to the choice this time. The opposition doesn't have a narrative, so be it. Sometimes narratives emerge.

"@LenteCurrite" - what makes u think they wr not equally or not more "conflicted/struggling"? look at their writings -creative ppl cant really hold their tongues for long against their will. Its the divergent creative urges that creates the conflict and usu with society/environs.

Nilesh - we should not bother too much about detractors but simply fill up all possible information space with the honest work we are doing and leave it to them to try and rebut. Meanwhile I must do an easy to understand article on how "critical editions" of our texts are done,,

@IndicBookClub is delighted to introduce Prof Meenakshi Jain's latest book, "Flight of Deities and Rebirth of Temples: Episodes from Indian History"

In the Mandarin concept of meritocracy (or the Weberian one), the idea goes that by creating an ‘aristocracy of merit’, you encourage people to improve certain skills.
The problem here is that these incentives depend on a kind of cardinal utility, they only work where values are absolute. And they only work IF people can be trained & molded.
If values cannot be absolutely agreed upon (as in liberalism or Millian utilitarianism), this wont work. Similarly, if people can’t change this wont work.
This is why liberalism often ends up coupling to ideas like eugenics & evolutionary psychology, which, in effect, argue that people can’t change, their abilities & desires are innate & unalterable (That this Actually contradicts ordinal utility usually passes right over them)
The Walrasian model tended to focus on selection incentives. The game theory model focuses on direct incentives. The Marshallian & classical models focused on a mix. Psychology focuses on the habituating incentives.
Social scientists often (tho not exclusively) focus on the constraints & the conditions (what a society requires & enables people to do, and why, as opposed to the means they take to do it, the people who do it, why they do it, and how to get people better at doing it)
It should be clear now that the line between incentives & social structures is not as firm as either Neoclassicals & radicals would like it to be.
Without institutions, metrics & technologies, no action of any type, let alone social action, is possible, desirable etc. at the end of the day these 3 are the ‘last instance’, so to speak.

CIIS is still going strong, I feel, though are there individuals like Sri Aurobindo out there anymore? Maybe this next phase is really up to the network of culture-builders (like us) to stitch together new canons of scholarship, exegesis, mythopoesis.
Jeffrey Kripal's "gnostic" scholar comes to mind (from the Serpents Gift) as a new wave of scholar-practitioners entering the field of culture-building and knowledge building. Never easy, of course...
Indeed... Contemplative space is fraught with inflationary dangers (I feel the counter-culture is pretty wrought with that).

Revealingly, the antithesis of the "symbolic" is the "diabolic". The former means "to bring together", while the latter means "to toss obstacles in the way". The cognate terms would be "integration" and "segregation" correspondingly, or the integrative and disintegrative forces

Something as profound as Aurobindo's Integral Yoga needs to become more well-known in the West in order to handle the changes going on in modern consciousness. Haridas Chaudhuri made a good effort at that with his book *The Evolution of Integral Consciousness*.

One you could add to this list, too , is Henri Bortoft, who is perhaps quite relevant to Integral Yoga as well. He wrote on discerning between "authentic and counterfeit wholes" or integrations -- a most critical subject in these times of fakery.
That discernment between authentic and counterfeit pertains to Aurobindo's "the Sovereign and his Minister", especially where the Minister usurps the Sovereign. This exactly parallels Dr. Iain McGilchrist's book on neurodynamics called "The Master and His Emissary".

These and other such attempts at a "universal history" (Rosenstock-Huessy) demonstrate something of that "new constellation of consciousness" (Gebser) that shows the passage to an Integral Era has not been derailed yet.

@swaraj_india You may be interested in this list: You were discussing nationalism the other day...
  1. Abrahamian, Ervand. Iran Between Two Revolutions
  2. Ackah, William B. Pan-Africanism: Exploring the Contradictions
  3. Allman, Jean Marie. The Quills of the Porcupine: Asante Nationalism in an Emergent Ghana
  4. Anderson, Benedict. Imagined Communities
  5. Antonius, George. The Arab Awakening
  6. Appiah, Kwame Anthony. In My Father’s House: A Statement of African Ideology
  7. Applegate, C. A Nation of Provincials: The German Idea of Heimat
  8. Arai, Masami. Turkish Nationalism in the Young Turk Era
  9. Armstrong, John A. 1982. Nations Before Nationalism
  10. Ascoli, Albert, Krystyna von Henneberg. Making and Remaking Italy: The Cultivation of National Identity around the Risorgimento
  11. Ayandele, Emmanuel. The Missionary Impact on Modern Nigeria, 1842-1914: A Political and Social Analysis
  12. Balakrishnan, Gopal and Perry Anderson. Mapping the Nation
  13. Barzel, Yoram. A Theory of the State
  14. Bassam, Tibi. Arab Nationalism
  15. Beiner, Ronald, Theorizing Nationalism
  16. Bhabha, Homi, Nation and Narration
  17. Blom, Ida, Karen Hagemann, Catherine Hall, Gendered Nations: Nationalisms and Gender Order in the Long Nineteenth Century
  18. Bodnar, John. Remaking America: Public Memory, Commemoration, and Patriotism in the Twentieth Century
  19. Bose, Sugata, and Ayesha Jalal (eds.). Nationalism, Democracy and Development: State and Politics in India
  20. Brass, Paul R. Ethnicity and Nationalism: Theory and Comparison
  21. Breuilly, John (ed.). The State of Germany: The National Idea in the Making, Unmaking, and Remaking of a Modern Nation-State
  22. —. Nationalism and the State
  23. Brown, Donald. Human Universals
  24. Brubaker, Rogers. Citizenship and Nationhood in France and Germany
  25. —. Nationalism Reframed: Nationhood and the National Question in the New Europe
  26. Calhoun, Craig. Nationalism
  27. Chatterjee, Partha. The Nation and its Fragments
  28. —. Nationalist Thought and the Colonial World
  29. Cohen, R. and J. Middleton, ed. From Tribe to Nation in Africa
  30. Coleman, James S. Nigeria: Background to Nationalism
  31. Colley, Linda. Britons: Forging the Nation
  32. Collini, Stefan. English Pasts: Essays in History and Culture
  33. Cooper, Frederick. Decolonization and African Society: The Labor Question in French and British Africa
  34. Crawford Young, and Thomas Turner. The Rise and Fall of the Zairian State
  35. Crenshaw, Kimberlé.Critical Race Theory: The Key Writings That Formed the Movement
  36. Dahbour, Omar and Micheline Ishay.The Nationalism Reader
  37. Davey, Kevin. English Imaginaries: Six Studies in Anglo-British Modernity
  38. Davis, Eric. Memories of State
  39. Deng, Francis M. War of Visions: Conflict of Identities in Sudan
  40. Diez-Medrano, Juan. Divided Nations: Class, Politics and Nationalism in the Basque Country and Catalonia
  41. Duara, Prasenjit.Rescuing History from the Nation
  42. Embree, Ainslie. Utopias in Conflict: Religion and Nationalism in Modern India
  43. Emerson, Rupert. From Empire to Nation. The Rise of Self-Assertion of African and Asian Peoples
  44. Falola, Toyin. Nationalism and African Intellectuals
  45. Fanon, Franz. Black Skin, White Masks
  46. —. Wretched of the Earth
  47. Gellner, Ernest. Nationalism
  48. —. Nations and Nationalism
  49. Gelvin, James. Divided Loyalties
  50. Gershoni, Israel and James Jankowski. Redefining the Egyptian Nation
  51. —. Rethinking Arab Nationalism
  52. Gikandi, Simon. Maps of Englishness: Writing Identity in the Culture of Colonialism
  53. Goodblatt, David. Elements of Ancient Jewish Nationalism
  54. Greenfeld, Liah. Nationalism: Five Roads to Modernity
  55. Hanson, Victor Davis. The Other Greeks: The Family Farm and the Agrarian Roots of Western Civilization
  56. Hargreaves, John D. Decolonization in Africa
  57. Haseler, Stephen. The English Tribe: Identity, Nation, and Europe
  58. Hastings, Adrian. The Construction of Nationhood: Ethnicity, Religion and Nationalism
  59. Hechter, Michael. Internal Colonialism: The Celtic Fringe in British National Development
  60. Herbst, Jeffrey. States and Power in Africa
  61. Hobsbawm, Eric. Nations and Nationalism Since 1780: Program, Myth, Reality
  62. Hobsbawm, Eric, and Terence Ranger (eds.). The Invention of Tradition
  63. Hodgkin, Thomas. Nationalism in Colonial Africa
  64. Hosking, Geoffrey, George Schöpflin (eds). Myths and Nationhood
  65. Hutchinson, John, Anthony Smith. (eds). Nationalism
  66. Ignatieff, Michael. Blood and Belonging
  67. Jaeger, Werner. Paideia: The Ideals of Greek Culture
  68. Jayawardena, Kumari. Feminism and Nationalism in the Third World
  69. Jenkins, Brian. Nationalism in France: Class and Nation Since 1789
  70. Juergensmeyer, Mark. The New Cold War? Religious Nationalism Confronts the Secular State
  71. Kammen, Michael. Mystic Chords of Memory: The Transformation of Tradition in American Culture
  72. Kanogo, Tabitha. Squatters and the Root of Mau Mau 1905-1963
  73. Karpat, Kemal H. The Politicization of Islam: Reconstructing Identity, State, Faith and Community in the Late Ottoman State
  74. Kebede, Messay. Africa’s Quest for a Philosophy of Decolonization
  75. Kedourie, Elie. Nationalism in Asia and Africa
  76. —.Nationalism
  77. Khalidi, Rashid. Palestinian Identity
  78. Khomeini, Ruhollah. Islam and Revolution
  79. Kishwar, Madhu. Religion at the Service of Nationalism and Other Essays
  80. Kohn, Hans. Prelude to Nation States: The French and German Experience, 1789-1815
  81. —. American Nationalism: An Interpretive Essay
  82. Kuran, Timur. Private Truths and Public Lies
  83. Kushner, David. The Rise of Turkish Nationalism, 1876-1908
  84. Kymlicka, Will. Politics in the Vernacular: Nationalism, Multiculturalism and Citizenship
  85. Lebovics, Herman. True France: The Wars over Cultural Identity, 1900-1945
  86. Lewis, Bernard, History Remembered, Recovered, Invented
  87. Lipset, Seymour M. The First New Nation: The United States In Comparative and Historical Perspective
  88. Longley, Clifford, Chosen People: The Big Idea that shaped England and America
  89. Mamdani, Mahmood. Citizen and Subject: Contemporary Africa and the Legacy of Late Colonialism
  90. —. When Victims Become Killers: Colonialism, Nativism, and Genocide in Rwanda
  91. Mann, Michael. The Sources of Social Power: The Rise of Classes and Nation-States, 1760-1914
  92. Marty, Martin E. and R. Scott Appleby. Religion, Ethnicity, and Self-Identity: Nations in Turmoil
  93. Marx, Anthony. Faith in Nation: Exclusionary Origins of Nationalism
  94. —. Making Race and Nation: A Comparison of the United States, South Africa, and Brazil
  95. Masters, Roger. and Margaret Gruter (ed.), The Sense of Justice: Biological Foundations of Law
  96. Massad, Joseph. Colonial Effects
  97. Mazrui, Ali and Mazrui, Alamin M. The Power of Babel: Language and Governance in the African Experience
  98. Minault, Gail, The Khilafat Movement Religious Symbolism and Political Mobilization in India
  99. Nairn, Tom. The Faces of Nationalism: Janus Revisited
  100. Nasser, Gamal A. Egypt’s Liberation: The Philosophy of the Revolution
  101. Newman, Gerald. The Rise of English Nationalism: A Cultural History, 1740-1830
  102. Nkrumah, Kwame. Speak of Freedom: A Statement of African Ideology
  103. Noll, Mark. America’s God: From Jonathan Edwards To Abraham Lincoln
  104. Perica, Vjekoslav. Balkan Idols: Religion and Nationalism in Yugoslav States
  105. Pollard, Lisa. Nurturing the Nation
  106. Ridley, Matt. The Origins of Virtue: Human Instincts and the Evolution of Cooperation
  107. Roshwald, Aviel. The Endurance of Nationalism: Ancient Roots and Modern Dilemmas
  108. Rubin, Paul H. Darwinian Politics: The Evolutionary Origin of Freedom
  109. Smith, Anthony D. State and Nation in the Third World: The Western State and African Nationalism
  110. —. Nationalism and Modernism
  111. —. The Nation in History: Historiographical Debates about Ethnicity and Nationalism
  112. —. The Ethnic Origins of Nations
  113. Sowell, Thomas. Race and Culture: A World View
  114. Tajfel, Henri. Human Groups and Social Categories: Studies in Social Psychology
  115. Taylor, John A. Diana. Self-Interest, and British National Identity
  116. Thompson, Vincent Bakpetu. African and Unity: The Evolution of Pan-Africanism
  117. Tilly, Charles. Coercion, Capital, and European States, AD 990-1990
  118. Todorova, Maria. Imagining the Balkans
  119. van den Berghe, Pierre L. The Ethnic Phenomenon
  120. Veer, Peter van der. Nation and Religion: Perspectives on Europe and Asia
  121. —. Religious Nationalism: Hindus and Muslims in India
  122. Wallerstein, Immanuel. The Modern World System: Capitalist Agriculture and the Origins of the European World-Economy in the Sixteenth Century
  123. Weber, Eugen. Peasants into Frenchmen: The Modernisation of France, 1870-1914
  124. Wiebe, Robert. Who We Are: A History of Popular Nationalism
  125. Zelinsky, Wilbur. Nation Into State: The Shifting Symbolic Foundations of American Nationalism
  126. Zerubavel, Yael. Recovered Roots.

[PDF] Freedom Struggle in India: Midnapore, 1905-1934
S Bera
… Midnapore by Jnanendra Nath Basu. (30) Aurobindo Ghosh and Barindra Ghosh also used to come to Midnapore and stay with their uncles, Jnanendra Nath Basu and Satyendra Nath Basu. It appears front Barindra Ghose's …

44) Decisive action at Surat & Nagpur:
Moderates & Extremists went to Surat session (1907) with their daggers drawn, & out came the result—Congress was split..
History may have not accurately recorded it, but it was #SriAurobindo who changed India's political destiny at Surat: