September 03, 2007

12 (twelve)

Greek gods
See also: Religion in ancient Greece and Twelve Olympians
The Twelve Olympians by Monsiau, circa late 18th century.
After the overthrow of the Titans, a new pantheon of gods and goddesses emerged. Among the principal Greek deities were the Olympians (The limitation of their number to twelve seems to have been a comparatively modern idea),[28] residing atop Mount Olympus under the eye of Zeus...
As shown below, the number twelve is frequently referenced in the Abrahamic religions and is also central to Western calendar and units of time.
Messier object M12, a magnitude 8.0 globular cluster in the constellation Ophiuchus
The New General Catalogue object NGC 12, a magnitude 13.1 spiral galaxy in the constellation Pisces
The Saros number of the solar eclipse series which began on 2680 BC August 8 and ended on 1129 BC February 25. The duration of Saros series 12 was 1550.5 years, and it contained 87 solar eclipses.
The Saros number of the lunar eclipse series which began on 2360 BC May 28 and ended on 1062 BC July 17. The duration of Saros series 12 was 1298.1 years, and it contained 73 lunar eclipses.
The 12th moon of Jupiter is Lysithea.

In religion
Religion inherits the number twelve for its magical properties.
The biblical Jacob had 12 sons, who were the progenitors of the Twelve Tribes of Israel.
The New Testament describes twelve apostles of Jesus; when Judas Iscariot was disgraced, a meeting was held (Acts) to add Matthias to complete the number twelve once more.
In The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, there is a Quorum of the Twelve Apostles.
The Book of Revelation 12:1 mentions a woman — usually interpreted as Virgin Mary — wearing a crown of twelve stars, and there are 12,000 people sealed from each of the twelve tribes of Judah (144000).
In Shi'a Islam, there are twelve Imams. These twelve early leaders of Islam are—Ali, Hasan, Husayn, and nine of Husayn's descendants.
There are 12 days of Christmas. The song Twelve Days of Christmas came from the traditional practice of extending Yuletide celebrations over the twelve days from Christmas day to the eve of Epiphany; the period of thirteen days including Epiphany is sometimes known as Christmastide. Thus Twelfth Night is another name for the twelfth day of Christmas or January 5 (the eve of Epiphany).
Eastern Orthodoxy observes 12 Great Feasts.
In Christianity, there are 12 Fruits of the Holy Spirit.
In Antiquity there are numerous magical/religious uses of twelves.[1] Ancient Greek religion, the Twelve Olympians were the principal gods of the pantheon.
The chief Norse god, Odin, had 12 sons.
Several sets of twelve cities are identified in history as a dodecapolis, the most familiar being the Etruscan League.

In time
Most calendar systems have twelve months in a year.
The Western zodiac has twelve signs, as does the Chinese zodiac.
The Chinese use a 12 years cycle for time-reckoning called Earthly Branches.
There are twenty-four hours in a day in all, with twelve hours for a half a day. The hours are numbered from one to twelve for both the ante meridiem (a.m.) half of the day and the post meridiem (p.m.) half of the day. 12:00 after a.m. and before p.m. (in the middle of the day) is noon, and 12:00 after p.m. and before a.m. (in the middle of the night) is midnight. A new day is considered to start with the stroke of midnight. Furthermore, the basic units of time (60 seconds, 60 minutes, 24 hours) can all perfectly divide by twelve.
The minute hand of a clock face turns twelve times as fast as the hour hand.

No comments:

Post a Comment