August 25, 2006

Integral and Wholeness themes

Indra Sen (13 May 1903 - 14 March 1994) was a devotee of Sri Aurobindo and The Mother, psycholgist, author, and educator. He was born in the Jhelum district of Punjab (now part of Pakistan), but grew up in Delhi when his family moved there. From a young age he was interested in the spiritual quest. He completed a Master's degree in both Philosophy and Psychology at the University of Delhi. On 5 December 1928 he married Lilawati, and they had two children.
To further his studies, he enrolled at the University of Freiburg, in Germany, and obtained a Ph.D. in Psychology. He also attended the lectures of Martin Heidegger and taught Indian Philosophy and Sanskrit at the University of Koenigsburg. at this time, his main interests were Hegel's philosophy, and Jung's psychology. He later returned to the University of Delhi. In December 1933 he met Jung when the latter visited Calcutta for the Indian Science Congress.
The next year, he travelled to Pondicherry with a friend, Surendranath Jauhar, and he met Sri Aurobindo and The Mother. After a number of visits, his wife became a devotee of The Mother. In 1945 Dr Sen resigned from the University and moved to the Sri Aurobindo Ashram, where his family had already been staying for two years. In following years, through lectures, published writings, and personal contacts, he presented Sri Aurobindo's work to academia and universities, where it became well known for the first time.
In the early 1940s he coined the term Integral psychology, to describe the psychological observations he found in Sri Aurobindo's writings. He wrote a number of papers, which were sent to Sri Aurobindo and later The Mother, before being presented at scientific congresses or published in Ashram journals. It was however not until 1986 that these papers were published, by the Sri Aurobindo International Centre of Education in book form, as Integral Psychology: The Psychological System of Sri Aurobindo. This has since been issued in a second edition. The field of Integral psychology was later taken up and developed by Haridas Chaudhuri when he founded the Integral Counseling Psychology program at what is now the California Institute of Integral Studies, in the 1970s.
He also was concerned with the formulation of integral education as presented in the teachings of Sri Aurobindo and The Mother. Another of his tasks was to develop three centers for the ashram under The Mother's supervision. One was at Jwalapur, near Hardwar, and the other two in the Kumaon Hills - "Mountain Paradise", an orchard, and "Tapogiri", a place for sadhana (spiritual practice). The last mentioned especially, he was very committed to. In all Dr Sen's work, themes of integral and wholeness were very important, and he frequently used terms like "Integral Culture" and "Integral Man". Bibliography:
Sen, Indra, The integration of the personality. Indian J. Psychol. 1943 18 31-34.
-- -- A Psychological Appreciation of Sri Aurobindo's System of Integral Yoga.
Sri Aurobindo Mandir 1944
-- -- Education and Yoga.
Sri Aurobindo Mandir 1945
-- -- Sri Aurobindo on the Ideal of Work.
The Advent August 1945
-- -- The urge for wholeness.
Indian J. Psychol. 1946 21 1-32.
-- -- Ideals of Indian Philosophy and Educational Life.
Vedanta Kesari 1949-50
-- -- Personality and integral Yoga. J. Educ. & Psychol. 1951 9 88-93
-- -- Sri Aurobindo's Theory of the Mind.
Philosophy East and West 1952 - and Das, A.C.
-- -- The Pursuit of Philosophy.
Sri Aurobindo Mandir 1952
-- -- East-West Synthesis in Sri Aurobindo.
The Advent November 1954
-- -- The Yogic Way.
Basant 1957
-- -- Concept of Man in Sri Aurobindo.
The Advent April 1957; World Union July-Sept 1968
-- -- Sri Aurobindo as a World Philosopher.
Philosophy East and West 1957-58
-- -- Reflections on Sri Aurobindo. Pioneer of the Supramental Age 1958
-- -- The New Lead in Philosophy.
Mother India November 1958
-- -- The Integral Yoga of Sri Aurobindo as a Contemporary Contribution to Indian Psychology.
Mother India February 1959
-- -- The Integral Yoga and Modern Psychology.
Basant 1960
-- -- Soul in Ancient and Modern Thought. Jr. Yoga Inst. 1962
-- -- Integral Yoga of Sri Aurobindo and The Mother.
The Advent August 1966
-- -- The integral Personality.
The Advent November 1966
-- -- The Future Culture of India and the World.
Mother India December 1966
-- -- The Pathways to Perfection, the Integral Way.
Srinvantu February 1967
-- -- The Yogic Approach to Administration.
The Advent February 1967
-- -- Intellectual Activity under Spiritual Auspices.
Srinvantu April 1967
-- -- Personality and integral Yoga.
The Advent November 1967
-- -- The Supramental Truth.
The Advent April 1968
-- -- The Integral Culture of Man.
World Union April-June 1970; Unesco Declaration 1970
-- -- Sri Aurobindo and The Mother; Meditation and Allied Methods - Compilation
-- -- Integral Psychology The Psychological System of Sri Aurobindo (In Original Words and in Elaborations), Sri Aurobindo Ashram Publications Department, Pondicherry, 1st edition 1986; 2nd edition 1999
ISBN 8170585406
Reference: Patel, Aster, "The Presence of Dr Indra Senji", SABDA - Recent Publications, November 2003, pp. 9-12
PDF wikipedia Categories: Indian psychologists Integral thought Sri Aurobindo

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